Growing Zones: 4-9 outdoors(hardy down to -20℉) 4-9 outdoors
- Mature Height:
- 50-70 ft.
- Mature Width:
- 35 ft.
- Full Sun
- Growth Rate:
- Botanical Name:
- Betula papyrifera
- Does Not Ship To:
The White Paper Birch Makes a Statement
The White Trunk Makes this a Distinctive Ornamental Tree
Once mature (give it 3-5 years) the trunk turns white and the bark actually “peels” into small sheets. Plant this tree as an ornamental and enjoy the striking distinction of its white bark year-round.
It’s a wonderful accompaniment to greenery and bright florals in the spring and summer months. You’ll appreciate its beauty in autumn and winter too. As the leaves fall and colors dull around your landscape with the change of seasons, your White Paper Birch continues to add interest with its unique white trunk.
Destined to be Your Favorite Shade Tree of All Time
In addition to the distinctive white trunk, you’ll get additional bonuses when large bright green leaves sprout. The leaves are 2” to 4” long and provide ample shade to assist in cooling your home during warmer months.
To accompany the vast leaves, bright yellow flowers blossom between April and May. The combination of the white, yellow and green hues is truly remarkable!
Very Fast Growing
The growth rate of White Paper Birches makes them the preferred trees to plant in areas where trees were lost to fire, and in areas where many trees were cut down.
They tend to have one single trunk when they’re growing in the forest. Often, when planted in a landscape setting, they can develop multiple trunks, providing even more flowering branches of colorful leaves and flowers.
Wildlife are Attracted to it
Your White Paper Birch produces a sap that yellow-bellied sapsuckers love. This enterprising woodpecker pokes holes in the bark to retrieve the sap, then hummingbirds and squirrels swoop in to delight in the treat made possible by the woodpecker.
Moose and white-tailed deer will eat the leaves and bark from the trunk, as will porcupines.
For animal lovers, it’s always a treat to look out and discover a new four-legged friend that enjoys your tree as much as you do!
Order now for fast delivery right to your door.
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Customer Reviews & Photos
Healthy tree great service!
Planted this tree on the shores of Lake Superior in memoriam of our mother. Perfect buying experience :)
Whats Up with the White Birch Trees?
I recently purchased a lot of evergreens and whie birch. Two of my evergreens are almost dead one more struggling. All others okay. My greatest concern is the white Paper Birch trees which I purchased. 5 have died in only a couple weeks. They arrived and all the leaves were dried up.
Planting & Care
Commonly referred to as "the oldest trees in Britain," the birch is a tree species with distinctive white bark and beautiful leaves making them as prized shade and ornamental trees. The leaves can be used to produce pleasant teas and infused oils. Parts of the birch can also be used as tonics and detoxifiers. Birch sap is refreshing and clear. It tastes wonderful when reduced by simmering down into golden brown syrup. Birch trees are most commonly planted in USDA growing zones 4-9.
Choosing a location: Birch trees can be grown in nearly any part of the U.S. but prefer soils that are rich in nutrition. They need about a workdays worth of sun and a soil pH level between 5.0-6.5
Planting Directions: The most important factor for a healthy birch tree is good soil. Types of soils determine how much nutrients and water the tree has access to and also how efficiently the tree can use those nutrients.
1) Plant after all dangers of frost have passed. Select a spot that will receive about 8 hours of sunlight a day and have the roots/soil in a cool, shaded place. Be sure that no other plants, trees, or weeds nearby that will deprive the birch of nutrients. It needs to establish before any other plant life can grow near it.
2) Dig a hole that is three times as wide as the root ball and just as deep.
3) Mycorrhizal fungi is highly recommended as a soil additive when back filling the dirt into your planting sight. Keep the tree as straight as possible and begin to back fill the hole. Put several shovels of dirt in and gently pat down the soil with your hands. Then add a few more scoops repeating the procedure until the hole is filled and the tree stands upright on its own. Younger trees may need to be staked.
4) Water deeply once the tree is planted. The moisture needs to get to the roots at a depth of 10-16 inches. Put a slow release of water on a hose and leave next to the root system area for a couple hours to be sure the depth is reached.
5) Spread a three-foot layer of mulch around the base of the tree with wood chips, shredded bark or leaf compost. Mulch will help the soil retain moisture and keep competing weeds from growing nearby.
6) Staking young trees is recommended after planting in order to make sure that they remain upright while becoming established. Metal rods or strong wooden stakes are the best. Tie off the tree with planters tape about 2/3rds of the way up the trunk so it has flexible movement at the top.
*Stakes can typically be removed after a year of planting. A good way to determine if your tree ready to stand on its own is to shake the center, if the root ball has no movement then your tree is ready to stand on its own. Birch trees have shallow root systems and need time to properly establish.
Watering: Provide deep a watering for the birch tree weekly using a hose next to the base with a slow flow of water for 2 hours during growing season. You may need to increase to twice weekly during hot, dry summers. Proper mulching can assist with keeping the roots and soil moist. Reduce watering towards the end of August so your tree can winterize for its dormant stage.
Fertilizing: Birches should be fertilized once or twice a year, once in spring and again mid-summer. Most people believe that you can use basic fertilizers as used on your lawn but this is not the case with birch trees. Lawn fertilizers have a large portion of nitrogen, which may promote growth, but at the expense of other development areas. An abundance nitrogen can also burn out the soil over a period of time.
Fertilize in the late spring and early summer with a product that targets root growth. Use an acidified evergreen fertilizer such as 10-10-10 because birch trees do better in soil that is slightly acidic.
Pruning: The best time to prune birch trees is late summer or early autumn. Pruning at the right time is essential because birch trees bleed out a heavy flow of sap that can attract insects to the wounds and can spread diseases. It is very important to sterilize your pruning tool after each single branch cut is made (a basic household rubbing alcohol is useful and easy to come by).
Start by removing side shoots and suckers first and then decide which branches to remove. Be conservative with your pruning and do not remove more than 25% of the tree canopy as this can weaken birch trees to a near fatal state (also, never top a birch). Cut back branches that are less than 2 inches wide as close to the trunk as possible.
The beauty of a birch makes it a great addition to have in your yard wherever you're located. Few trees are more elegant than birches. They stand out in the fall season with beautiful white bark popping against the yellows, oranges and reds of autumn leaves, not to mention its own golden yellow fall foliage color. It provides stunning contrast when paired up with evergreen trees.
Most items ship the next business day unless otherwise noted
Estimated Shipping Time: Most orders ship immediately, however some orders may ship in 1-2 business days (we do not ship on the weekends) from date of purchase. As noted on the website, some items are seasonal, and may only ship in spring or fall. Once your order is shipped, you'll receive an email with a tracking number.
|Amount of Order||Shipping Charge|
|Less than $15||$11.95|
You can still order, but due to cold weather, we have delayed shipping to the areas shaded on the map below. We want your new plant to thrive right out of the box, so we will wait on shipping your order until the weather is ideal. This includes anyone in
Growing Zones 3, 4, 5 or 6. If you are unsure of your growing zone, visit our
Growing Zone Finder.
We will resume normal shipping in the Spring. Please see the table below for your approximate ship date.
|Growing Zone||Shipping Resumes|
|Zones 3 & 4||Week of April 29th|
|Zones 5||Week of April 14th|
|Zones 6||Week of April 7th|
|Zones 11||Ships Now!|