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American Persimmon Tree

Diospyros virginiana 'American'

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Growing Zones: 4-6 patio / 7-9 outdoors
(hardy down to 10℉)



Growing Zones 7-9 outdoors
You are in Growing Zone: 6

Sunlight:

Full Sun, Partial Sun

Spacing:

20-25 ft.

Growth Rate:

Slow

Drought Tolerance:

Moderate

Harvest Time:

September - December

Fruit Color:

Orange

Year to Bear:

2-3 years

Chill Hours (minimum):

150-300

You are in an area with ~1800 chill hours

Botanical Name:

Diospyros virginiana 'American'

Does Not Ship To:

AZ, CA



Don't Buy Bare-Root Trees (learn why below)
 

Sweet and Nutty Flavor!

Also known as the "common persimmon," this bright-orange -- and sometimes yellow, red and even blue -- fruit bearing tree is anything but common.

In fact, it's uncommonly available at most nurseries and greenhouses, and has uncommonly delicious ripe product -- the shape of a one- to two-inch beefsteak tomato -- that lends itself to cakes, cookies, sorbets, and ice cream.

Its high calcium, vitamin C, potassium and iron yield also makes it a high-energy dried snack and its pulp freezes well for future use.

As an addition to your landscape, this Kentucky native, while a slow grower and slow to mature to "fruit-ion", can be pruned initially to have either a strong central leader (trunk) or open center.

American Persimmon branches, typically starting just two or three feet from the ground, need little pruning once they become fruit-bearing to maintain their broad-spreading, wide-base shape.

Foliage color variety enhances any garden or open space, and this long-oval leafed tree transforms through the seasons from light bright green, through dark pine to fall colors in the same warm range as its fruit: yellow, orange and salmon, tinged with red and crimson. In the spring, it is festooned with yellow-white, waxy, open-bell shaped flowers that begat acid green unripe fruits.

The American Persimmon also brings abundant fruit-eating wildlife to your yard. If you are a rural grower, you can expect copious deer as they are drawn to the fruit like kids to candy. Families that hunt will find the woods nearby well populated with game as a result; the fruit hangs on the trees well through the hunting season. Whether you live in the country or city, your American Persimmon will also attract a wide variety of regional songbirds as well as squirrels, raccoons and even bats.

The Edible Economics of Persimmon Fruit

While fiercely bitter and sour unripe, the ripe persimmon is richly sweet and almost nutty in flavor. Your persimmon(s) will begin to bear fruit as early as three years, and as late as 10 from initial young-tree planting. Each tree can yield from 35 to 75 pounds of hand-picked fruit, harvested after a long season of ripening before or long after the first frosts. With the right market established, growers expect to sell their crop for about $2.75 per pound. Commercial crops typically consist of 300 $20 trees per acre with profitable yields at year four. The wood of the persimmon also has a market for crafting of musical instruments.

Preferred Culture and Cultural Practices

Healthiest and happiest in USDA Hardiness Zones 7-9, your persimmon may also do well in Zone 6, so long as you grow it in well-draining but moist loam soil, and water frequently; while mature trees can handle some drought, young trees cannot. While very cold and freeze hardy, it is good to protect your trees from early frosts in a low-lying area, thus increasing ripening time. Other than these considerations, you'll find your American Persimmon to be adaptable to everything from flood plains to wooded areas, and full sun to partial shade.





American Persimmon Tree Pollination

American Persimmon Trees are self-fertile. You will get fruit with only one plant. However, adding an additional American Persimmon Tree will drastically increase the size of your crop.

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Planting & Care



It's Easy to Plant & Care for Your American Persimmon Tree


American Persimmon Tree Planting Diretions

The American Persimmon tree (or Diospyros virginiana 'American') is a more cold tolerant tree growing in zones 4 through 9, a bit more hardy over its hotter climate cousin, the fuyu persimmon. The American (sometimes referred to as the “common persimmon”) is native to Kentucky and produces a smaller, richer tasting fruit. Native Americans were known to use the fruit of the american persimmon for a winter food source and the wood for crafting as it is strong and very resistant. They are not known to be really fast growers, but they are quite resilient. The American Persimmon can get to be as tall as 50 feet at maturity and roughly 25-30 feet wide! They have a delightful fall foliage color that can be yellow or pink making them quite attractive for the colder season.

 

Choosing a location: Persimmons are quite adaptable to many different soil conditions but for the ideal growing conditions try and find a spot that will receive more full sun exposure with well draining soil. Try to avoid areas where water has a tendency to pool. They aren’t too picky regarding their soil but do perform best in a pH range of 6.5 to 7.5.

 

Planting Directions (in ground):
1) After you have found an ideal location, make your hole twice as wide as the root ball and just as deep. Be sure you’re at least 12 feet from any structures.
2) Arrange your tree in the hole at the same depth as it was in the shipping container/pot and begin to pack the soil around the roots until the soil is a little higher than level. The soil will settle after you’ve planted.
*TIP* You can amend some loam into the native soil for back filling for better results.
3) Water the planting site generously so the soil can fully settle and then spread a 2 inch layer of mulch around to preserve moisture as well as combat competing weeds that may try to grow nearby.
4) You may want to utilize stakes for proper support as the tree is acclimating and getting settled.

 

Planting directions (potted):
1) Water the tree’s root ball thoroughly before transplanting. This should help reduce the risk of shock.
2) Select a container that is three times the size of the root ball so it can be left undisturbed, will not require immediate re-potting and with plenty of space for several years of growth.
3) Line the bottom of the pot with a couple inches of gravel to ensure there will always be proper drainage and then cover with a good layer of potting soil.
4) Comb your hands along the edge of the root ball to gently free up the roots.
5) Center the tree into the pot, spread the roots out a bit and then fill in the remaining room with your potting mix. Tamp firmly but take care not to compact the soil or the root growth and water flow will be restricted.
6) Water generously and place the tree in a nice full sun spot where it will remain undisturbed for the growing season. Potted persimmons will need at least 8 hours of full sun exposure.

 

Watering: Newly planted trees will require deep watering. Persimmon trees have a taproot that can be difficult to water properly. The best thing to do is leave your garden hose on a slow trickle, and place it next to the base of the tree. Leave it there for a good thirty minutes so the water has a chance to properly penetrate the soil and get down to the taproot. Be sure to do this at least once a month and possibly twice in the hotter seasons. Persimmons are known for their drought tolerance, but young trees need to be watered well in their youth to help the slow developing taproot. Once they have developed for a few years, your natural rainfall should be sufficient in providing the tree water.

Like the potted fuyu persimmon, you will need to closely monitor the tree to get an idea for just how often you will need to water. You may need to water nearly every day in the warmer season. Lifting its container can be useful. If it’s heavy then chances are that the soil still has a fair amount of moisture to it. If it’s light, give it a drink.

 

Pruning: Hold off on pruning your American Persimmon tree for the first couple of years. In the winter season prune the tree into a modified central leader system. Six to eight spaced scaffold branches around the trunk should help support the future fruit. Always keep an open eye for suckers that may form at the base, and be sure to remove them as soon as they’re noticed. These guys can steal nutrients from the primary trunk (or leader) and stunt the growth. Once the trees have matured a bit, they will rarely ever require pruning except for removal of damaged or dead branches.

 

Fertilizing: As long as your American Persimmon has new growth measuring at least a foot, then there should be no need to fertilize the tree. If you do find the need to fertilize, try to avoid overdoing it on nitrogen. If the build up has gone too far then it will cause early fruit drop. The recommended approach is to fertilize in the late winter using about 5 to 10 pounds of compost to keep the tree growing well.

 

Harvesting: Persimmons are typically ready for harvesting around September to December. The Asian breeds tend to cling tightly to the branches so you may need to use clippers to remove them. The American Persimmon is a breed that will typically just drop the fruit when it has become fully ripened. If you are having a lot of animals eating your persimmons just before they have a chance to fully ripen there is a great trick to utilize. Put the fruit in a plastic bag with a few bananas for about a week to ten days and place them in a warm room. Bananas throw off a gas called ethylene and will assist in the ripening of the persimmons.

Planting & Care

Questions & Answers

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Browse 10 questions Browse 10 questions and 14 answers
Why did you choose this?
Fast-Growing-Trees.com Store
Persimmon is one of my favorite fruits and haeve always been longing when its season comes around. The American Persimmon fruit looks like the one that I like from among its varietyy.
MISAEL S on Nov 29, 2016
I the fruit
Daniel Y L on Oct 30, 2016
Persimmon is one of my favorite fruits and haeve always been longing when its season comes around. The American Persimmon fruit looks like the one that I like from among its varietyy.
MISAEL S on Nov 29, 2016
attract wildlife
Charles B on Nov 26, 2016
I the fruit
Daniel Y L on Oct 30, 2016
my wife wanted it
Dan L on Nov 15, 2015
for the fruit and color
Jackie F on Oct 20, 2015
attract wildlife
Charles B on Nov 26, 2016
my wife wanted it
Dan L on Nov 15, 2015
How tall do persimmon trees grow when mature?
Melissa K on Apr 8, 2015
BEST ANSWER: They grow to about 15 ft tall at maturity.
I have heard that you need to plant a few trees in order for this tree to be fruit bearing. If I only purchase 1, will I still get this to bear fruit?
Holly J on May 7, 2015
BEST ANSWER: Yes, the are self-fertile.
can persimmon tree grow in San luis obispo, ca ?
Zoya R on Nov 2, 2015
BEST ANSWER: The growing zone is 7-9. Here's a link that you can look up what growing zone your in by your zip code http://www.fast-growing-trees.com/USDA-Plant-Hardiness-Zone-Map.htm
I have a mature American Persimmon growing in my woods. last year it dropped fruit throughout the fall. This year I notices many of the persimmons already on the ground with a purpleish colored skin. this has me worried, will it continue to grow fruit this year?
kyle l on Aug 12, 2015
BEST ANSWER: This may be a fungus - You may notice the fruit is somewhat rotted in spots as well? while very unripe elsewhere? You may want to try a fungicide on the tree- however, you will probably not get more fruit this year.
How long does it take for a fuju tree to produce fruit?
Lena P on Jul 20, 2017
BEST ANSWER: Since they are grafted trees they usually can possibly fruit within two to three years.
Can I prune any frit tree? and how to do> Tank you.
Antonia D on Sep 15, 2015
BEST ANSWER: It depends on how old it is. During the first year, I leave them alone to grow and also cut off any early fruit attempts (to save plant energy). After the first year, then I regularly prune all my fruit trees to get a "standard shape". That means a single trunk up to chest height (for this type of tree), then branches. My brother says his persimmons fruit more in alternate years, and I expect to see that also. I have just moved my whole grove to a new home, 6 months ago, so everything is still getting acclimated, including a Japanese (purchased locally) and a wild tree (from the woods near my home) . The new American persimmon I got from Fast-Growing is doing great. I water new trees daily for up to 3 months, then cut down little-by-little. In dry weather, I water weekly for mature trees. And I use Miracle Grow over the whole tree every 2 months.

So much for persimmons. I do the same for just about all my trees, which are bush-sized up to small trees, in Zone 9. You'll find that pruned trees/bushes are easier to control, and to treat/water/feed.

Good luck.
Hello. I live inVirginia Beach Virginia. I would like to plant the persimmons tree on my backyard. Is this time of the year would be good for planting the tree into the ground? Or should I wait until spring?
Ivan P on Nov 3, 2017
BEST ANSWER: I like to plant in the fall, because it gives the roots more time to establish and the added precipitation of winter keeps those roots watered. You're good planting now I think!
I have had a persimmon tree for several years and was thinking of replacing it cause it didn't bear fruit. I think it's a Fuyu. Anyhow this year it is loaded with fruit but they are like tiny gems on the tree. Is there something I should do for it to bear normal sized persimmons? Or do I really have to replace it?
Doris M. M on Dec 10, 2016
BEST ANSWER: I would not replace it. It can take 3-4 years for a persimmon to bear fruit. The first year it bears fruit may be immature fruit.
Will the American Persimmon pollinate the Magic Fountain Persimmon?
bart s on Oct 8, 2016
BEST ANSWER: It is self-fertile, but will produce a better yield of fruit if it has a mate.

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