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Avocado Trees

If you thought store bought avocados were delicious, just wait until you start growing your own! Your home grown fruit will be richer in nutrients and flavor because they’re not being commercially grown, losing all of its moisture and vitamins, then shipped for several days across the country to your local grocery store. By growing your own avocados, you will reduce the use of cancer causing pesticides, lower your grocery bill, and live a healthier life.

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Cold Hardy Avocado

Cold Hardy Avocado

Growing Zone: 8-11 outdoors




Hass Avocado Tree

Hass Avocado Tree

Growing Zone: 9-11 outdoors




Day Avocado Tree

NEW

Day Avocado Tree

Growing Zone: 9-11 outdoors




Avocado Trees

Start growing your very own Super Food!

Avocado Type Growing Zone Mature Height Year to Bear Annual Growth Spacing Full or Partial Sun Characteristics
Hass 9-11 Outdoors 4-11 Indoors 15-20ft 3 to 4 years Slow 5-8ft Full 6 to 8 Hours Oval shape with pebbly thick skin with a pale green flesh. Skin turns from green to an almost black color once ripe.
Cold hardy 8-11 Outdoors 4-11 Indoors 15-20ft 4 to 5 years Slow 5-8ft Full 6 to 8 Hours Oval shape with smooth and thin green skin. Has a yellowish-green flesh.
Day Avocado 9-11 Outdoors 4-11 Indoors 10ft 3 to 4 years Fast 5-8ft Full 6 to 8 Hours Club shaped avocado with smooth green skin.
Avocado Type: Hass
Growing Zone 9-11 Outdoors 4-11 Indoors
Mature Height 15-20ft
Year to Bear 3 to 4 Years
Annual Growth Slow
Spacing 5-8ft
Full or partial Sun Full 6 to 8 Hours
Characteristics Oval shape with pebbly thick skin with a pale green flesh. Skin turns from green to an almost black color once ripe.
Avocado Type: Cold Hardy
Growing Zone 8-11 Outdoors 4-11 Indoors
Mature Height 15-20ft
Year to Bear 4 to 5 Years
Annual Growth Slow
Spacing 5-8ft
Full or partial Sun Full 6 to 8 Hours
Characteristics Oval shape with smooth and thin green skin. Has a yellowish-green flesh.
Avocado Type: Day Avocado
Growing Zone 9-11 Outdoors 4-11 Indoors
Mature Height 39-60ft
Year to Bear 3 to 4 Years
Annual Growth Fast
Spacing 20-30ft
Full or partial Sun Full 6 to 8 Hours
Characteristics Club shaped avocado with smooth green skin

Where to Plant Avocado Trees

If you’re planting this tropical fruit tree as a container plant, make sure that you place it in an area that gets a minimum of 6 hours of sun per day. You should place it in front of a large window in your home that gets direct afternoon sunlight. If you’re able to plant your tree in the ground, then the best area to plant your tree would be the southern side of your home in an area that has well-drained soil. If your yard tends to hold a lot of water, you can amend the soil with sand or other gritty matter to soak up the moisture. Remember, you should plant your avocado tree in an area that gets 6 to 8 hours of sunlight per day.

 

Pollination

A mature avocado tree may grow millions of green flower clusters during the flowering season. These flowers have both female and male organs, but they do not work at the same time. Though the Hass, Cold Hardy, and Day are self-fertile, meaning you will get fruit with only one plant, more is always better. What that means is, if you have more than one avocado tree then you will get more fruit. So, if you can’t live without avocados, and you want most of those millions of flowers to produce fruit, then cross-pollinating will work wonders for you.

 

Planting your Avocado Tree

When growing your own avocado tree indoors, there are a few things that you can do to avoid killing your tree. First, as previously stated, find an area that receives at least 6 to 8 hours of direct afternoon sunlight daily. If you do not do this, this could cause your tree to bare minimal to no fruit. Next, you will want to take your avocado tree out of the standard nursery pot that it was shipped in, and plant it in a container that is twice the size of the root ball and has drainage holes. The drainage holes will help to keep the plant from catching root rot, but you have to make sure you dump out the sitting water in the saucer, because this can cause funguses to grow as well.

If you’re in the areas highlighted green on the map, that means you’re able to plant your tree in the ground year round. If you’re planting multiple trees, make sure to leave about 5 to 8 feet of space between other trees and structures. Dig a hole that is two to three times wider and deeper than the container it was shipped in, so that those roots have enough room to get established. These tropical fruit will need frequent deep waterings once or twice a week, while letting the soil dry out a little between waterings. Do not fertilize your tree the first year, because it can burn the roots and cause damage.

The only time you will need to prune your tree is in the late winter or early spring to get rid of dead wood. If you want to maintain a certain height, then you should trim the tree lightly by cutting the tallest branch off the tree. If you would also like to maintain the width, then you should trim the longest branch and work your way in each year by cutting another branch.

 

Harvest

Hass Avocados are ready to harvest as early as February to as late as September. Cold Hardy avocados usually ripen between November and March, and Day avocados are harvested from July through September. However, it depends on the weather in your area, fertilization, and the bearing pattern of the tree. If you didn’t know by now, avocados have to be harvested by hand. Meaning, if you do not pick the fruit they will not fall off the tree and will never ripen! The tree can be used as a storage unit for your savory alligator pears for as long as 8 months. Remember, the longer the fruit stays on the tree the richer the taste.