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Avocados are Healthy and Easy to Grow

California avocadosThe Avocado is a delicious and healthful fruit that has more than 80 different varieties. The most popular and easy to grow variety is the Hass avocado; this variety’s original mother tree is still growing in California. The Hass avocado is sometimes referred to as the “alligator pear,” due to its dark green color and rough, wrinkly skin. Avocados have been used as food for centuries. Spanish explorers first discovered the Aztecs eating them on a daily basis, but shunned them as a tasteless food.

It was the Spanish introduced them to the English, who also didn’t consider the fruit very enjoyable. The first avocado groves in America were planted in Florida in 1833, but did not become a commercial crop until more than half a century later. It then took another fifty years before they finally became a popular salad item, and the health benefits
began to be more widely known.

This small fruit is packed with nutrition. It contains:

HassVitamin A – This is important for protecting the immune system as well as keeping the mucous membranes moist so that they remain resistant to cell damage. It protects cells from many types of cancer and helps prevent diseases caused by viruses, such as measles, HIV and respiratory diseases.

Vitamin C – Vitamin C is another great immune system booster and helps all the body’s cells heal. It detoxifies the body and helps to prevent cancer and heart disease. Vitamin C also helps to maintain a healthy digestive system and to lower high cholesterol.

Vitamin E – This vitamin protects the body against free radical damage which can cause cancer and heart disease. Folate – Folate helps the body make new cells, which is particularly important for growing children or pregnant women. Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids- These essential fatty acids can help maintain healthy cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.

As a gardener and plant enthusiast I’ve loved growing trees and shrubs my entire life. Unknown to most, there are always new faster fruiting and double blooming plant hybrids emerging on the scene. I often feel the need to share my plant knowledge and new trends with the growing gardening community through my blog!
  • John

    I planted my cold hardy avocado tree in a container. Should I bring it inside when the temperature drops into the ? I’m in LA and that doesn’t happen often, but it does happen. We already had one night like that, but within a day, it was back into the 60’s. Do I bring it in and then put it back out?

    • AllisonTrees

      You’ll only need to bring your tree inside if temperatures consistently drop below 40 degrees. As soon as temperatures rise again you can go ahead and place your tree back outside.

  • David gs

    I bought my avocado tree from yall over 2 yrs ago. Last year, right around the end of September, it started turning black. All the leaves all fell off. There was no hard freeze as we are near Birmingham, Alabama. Any ideas what might have happened? It had grown to about 6 ft tall and had been doing very well till that point.

    • AllisonTrees

      It sounds like it may have gotten a little too much water. Then the tree slowly turns black it’s a sign of root rot from too much moisture in the soil. It’s best to prune off blackened areas of the tree and let it dry out when this happens.

      • Veronica Redenius

        I have had the same thing happen. How far down the trunk can it be pruned?

        • AllisonTrees

          They can be pruned down to about 3 inches or so above the soil line.

  • Glad for help

    I got my avacodo this Spring. The leaves got spots on the, it didn’t look well. I moved it outside a month ago, finally cutting several of the worst ones off out of the dozen there. I has started several new leaves at the top, but they are being eaten by something as they come out?
    Any suggestions?
    I have tried to be careful of the water, not too much, it did get some lovely rain.

    • AllisonTrees

      When you closely examine your tree do you see any visible pests on the branches or in the soil? We recommend spraying your tree with an all natural pesticide to rid of any creepy crawlers. It sounds like our tree is getting adjusted to it’s new home very well! New leaves are a great sign.

      • Glad for help

        What do you recommend? I don’t like poisons so have never bought pesticides.

        • AllisonTrees

          We recommend an all natural organic pesticide like neem oil. There is a large variety of all natural, organic sprays that you can use and find at your local gardening store.

          You can make your own soap and water mixture by adding three table spoons of a gentle soap, like dawn or baby shampoo. Once the water and soap are mixed spray the solution on both the tops and bottoms of the leaves and leave it for about 2 hours, then thoroughly rinse the leaves clean.

          • Glad for help

            Thank you!

  • Nathan Pappas

    My cold hardy avacado leaves have developed holes in the leaves. There is absolutely no sign of pest infestation. The leaves still appear healthy and there is plenty of new growth. Should I be worried?

    • AllisonTrees

      No, you shouldn’t be worried. It sounds like your tree is doing great. A few bugs may have snacked on the leaves and left.

      Even though you don’t see any signs of bugs it wouldn’t hurt your tree to spray it with an all natural, organic pesticide. We recommend keeping a close on on the leaves to see if they develop more holes before taking action.

      Sometimes pests are sneaky and hard to spot with the naked eye. Look for webs or holes in the trunk because they could be signs of mites or other well hidden pests.

  • Jackie C

    I bout the cold hard Avacado tree this spring. It cam all lush and and greet. It’s planted in my back yard, I live in Houston. Tx. I am so disappointed I this tree. It has lost all or almost al it’s leaves. It’s still alive, but in very poos conditions. I don’t know what to do.

    • AllisonTrees

      The tree moved from a mild climate to the extra hot and humid Houston, so the leaf drop could be due to your tree’s transition. Trees will often drop their leaves to save energy while adjusting to new environments. It’s a completely normal part of the process.

      Sometimes avocados will drop their leaves to save energy before flowering. Take a close look at your tree, because the tiny flowers are easy to miss.

      Avocado trees are sensitive. They will drop their leaves at the first signs of trouble which are usually false alarms, like a cold breeze. However, the leaves will quickly grow back.

      Check for signs of trouble, is the trunk turning black? This is a sign of over watering. If the leaves are curling upwards and turning brown then your tree needs more water. If the leaves turn black and droop then your tree is getting too much water. Be careful not to over correct under watering with over watering.

      We recommend taking a close look at your tree to see if there are visible signs of trouble and we can take the steps to correct it from there. Also, give your tree some citrus fertilizer like citrus-tone to help the leaves grow back faster.

  • Karen

    I bought 2 trees last summer. I live in Louisiana and we had a few cold snaps so I brought my trees inside. When it warmed up again, I brought them back outside(in containers). Well, one of the trees died and the other tree, the graft died but a shoot is growing off of the original tree not the graft. Is this going to continue to grow and will it produce any avocados?

    • AllisonTrees

      Is the growth above the soil? If its coming from the roots it should be removed because it’s a sucker, which is a growth that steals nutrients from the tree.

      If the growth is coming from the trunk keep an eye on it. This is usually where water sprouts grow. As a result of damage water sports emerge and grow upwards vertically. They don’t produce fruit and are weaker than the rest of the tree and take nutrients and energy from the root stock. We recommend removing it.

      What grows below the graft isn’t guaranteed to produce the same delicious fruit as the parent tree.

  • Kathy

    Just brought my tree indoors last week, here in Central Illinois, as the temps are in the 40s at night. When I brought it in, there were a few leaves that had brown spots in them. Now, most of the tree has the brown spots on the leaves. I don’t see any signs of pests, so I looked in my reference book & it said maybe leaf miners? I bought a spray that is 70% neem oil & .25% pyrethrins. Ok to put on my 5 mo. old avocado tree? Should this take care of it? Any other suggestions?

    • AllisonTrees

      Leaf miners would make white lines in the leaves, instead of brown spots so it doesn’t sound like they are the culprit here. Brown spots appear on avocados for a variety of different reasons like if water droplets dry on the leaves in the sun, or if the tree is being over watered. Brown spots also occur due to pests and diseases.

      Your tree isn’t too young for neem oil. It would repel pests, and knockout fungus. However, we would like to take a look at your tree in order to give it a proper diagnosis. Please submit a photo to the link below and one of our plant experts will take a look.