Pruning helps your plants in many ways. It makes trees safer and increases their health and vigor. It also adds to their beauty. The value added advantages of pruning include increased timber value and stimulatedfruit production.
Though there are plants that do not require pruning, most plants grow better with a little bit of tweaking here and there. The trick lies in knowing what to prune, when to prune and how to prune. Most flowering plants need to be pruned during their dormant season, while some spring blooming ones need to be pruned immediately after flowering.
This might be confusing, but it is not fatal. Pruning during the wrong season might lead to less flowers or fruits. You just need to make sure that you prune the plants correctly and do not make any pruning mistakes.
Here are some advantages of pruning
1. Pruning reduces competition for water, nutrients and sunlight. Plants generally compete against each other for these three factors.
2. Pruning lessens plant diseases and chances of pests. It makes sure that the plants get enough sunlight. So this reduces the chances of pests and diseases from attacking
3. It improves the quality of flowers and fruits. Pruned trees generally have bigger fruits and get higher prices in the market.
4. Pruning makes trees and shrubs look more aesthetically pleasing. They add to the landscape and make your garden or yard look beautiful.
There are different tools for pruning and you can select the right one depending upon your plants. Clean and sharp tools not just make pruning easier, but they also keep your plants strong and healthy. The basic pruning tools are saws, shearers, loppers and pruners. There are different tools for different tasks.
Flowering shrubs, trees and vines
When we discuss pruning, flowering shrubs and trees are probably the most confusing types of plants. The general rule is to prune fall and summer flowering shrubs and trees in their dormant season (early spring or late winter), while the spring flowering shrubs and trees are pruned when their flowers die away.
Berry plants and fruit trees
Fruiting plants generally need pruning when they are dormant. Usually there is just one chance to work on buds for the next season, so extra care is needed with berry plants and fruit trees.
Even if you have been lazy in pruning your flowering plants, they will still offer you some kind of show. But when we talk about fruit trees, if you do not prune them properly, their produce will gradually decline. So if you have fruit trees or berry plants, you need to prune them regularly.
Because evergreens do not require a lot of pruning, they are easier to grow. Though you might think about pruning an evergreen to keep its size in control, but it is not suggested. If you need a small sized evergreen, it is best to select a dwarf one instead of pruning a full grown one.
But this doesn't mean that evergreens cannot be pruned at all. If you want your evergreen to be a little fuller, you can try a bit of well timed pruning. The bigger it is, the harder your pruning will take, so prune your evergreen while it is still young.
Perennial bedding plants
Non woody perennials are perhaps the plants requiring the hardest work with pruning. Though some people might say that perennials are totally maintenance free, but this cannot be further from truth. Most perennial plants must be cut back completely during the growing season. This especially holds true for the flowering ones.
There are different types of plants and their different pruning needs. Which types of plants to prune and how- this is something that you will learn from experience.