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Although spruce trees have very similar needle formation, they can vary drastically in shape, size, and color.
Alberta spruce (or Picea glauca, also known as White spruce or Canadian spruce) is native to North America. It is a coniferous, evergreen tree that grows in a pyramidal form. With deep green, needle-like leaves, and brown cylindrical cones, the Alberta spruce is sometimes used as a Christmas tree.
A dwarf cultivar, 'Conica', is popular as a garden plant. Fast Growing Trees Nursery also carries elegant dwarf Alberta spruce spiral topiaries. Dwarf varieties are designed to be smaller than the parent tree, and are often used as vertical accent specimens within the landscape. Dwarf varieties are also suitable for growing in containers. The Dwarf Alberta spruce makes an excellent foundation planting. Remember to leave three to four feet from the center of your planting hole to allow for its growth.
The Dwarf Alberta Spruce typically grows to a height of 10 to 12 feet, but it is a slow growing tree. It will take more than 25 years to completely mature, making it a great décor when plotted, as it will not outgrow your porch, sunroom, or landscape anytime soon.
Alberta spruce thrives in zones 3 through 8. This hardy tree can withstand high winds, cold temperatures, and periods of heat or drought.
Alberta spruce prefers full sun and appreciates well-drained soil, but it can tolerate some shade. Since it is evergreen, the spruce will keep its beauty and form year-round. When other deciduous trees have lost their leaves, the Alberta spruce will still be attractive in your landscape.
The Norway Spruce can grow to Christmas tree height in as little as three years. It will continue to grow rapidly to a mature height of 50 feet.
A dense tree that easily blocks out wind and neighbors, it is ideal for use as a privacy barrier, wind screen, or even as a traditional showpiece. Attracts and creates a safe haven for wildlife!
You'll enjoy its deep rich color year-round. It's even drought tolerant!
This tree is believed to be the most cold hardy spruce available, growing in any northern state.
The Norway Spruce is also the most disease resistant spruce you can find. Any serious disease or insect problems that kill other spruce trees do not affect the Norway Spruce.
Plant every 8-10 feet for a solid green privacy screen. Plant on the northern edge of your property for a substantial wind barrier and help lower your winter heating bills.
Adaptable to a variety of conditions and soils. Very cold tolerant and prefers Growing Zones 2-7.
This classic ornamental evergreen tree will light up your property with a rich, silvery blue color!
Spruce trees are grown as screens, windbreaks, and specimen plants. They are admired for their year-round color, symmetrical growth pattern, and conical shape.
Blue Spruces and Norway Spruces are popular Christmas trees and both have dwarf forms that can be grown in small gardens. Norway spruces are widely planted to replace forests.
Blue Spruces are admired for their symmetrical, yet narrow growth habit. They will grow to about 30 to 50 feet high, but only 10 to 20 feet wide.
These evergreen trees are extremely hardy and adaptable to a variety of conditions. They are drought-tolerant once established, and will thrive in partial to full sun. With their dense branches and pyramidal shape, they are rugged enough to use as a windbreak.
Blue spruces are even grown as Christmas trees! Their beauty shines even under snowfall.
Landscape professionals love to use these trees for their dramatic foliage color. Their bright blue growth transitions to silvery blue as the trees get older.
These trees are often used as a blue backdrop for shrubs that turn to shades of red, gold, and purple in the fall. You often see them paired with holly trees. The contrast in color is amazing!
Flowering trees also compliment the blue spruce. Their attractive flowers in the spring contrast well with the blue color.
And don't forget the birds! These feathered creatures love the thick needles and dense branches of the blue spruce. On the other hand, deer are not partial to this tree.