This beautiful tropical tree adds a unique touch to any landscape. Originating in Mexico and Central America, the tree is now naturalized to subtropical regions of North America.
The tree has dark green, oval leaves and produces an array of stunning white and yellow flowers throughout the summer months.
The guava is a fast growing tree that will grow to a height of 10 feet, though it can easily be maintained at a height of 6-8 feet by regular pruning. Unpruned trees will flower during October; trees that have been pruned will usually flower 10-12 weeks after pruning. The flowers can self-pollinate though pollination is usually carried out by bees.
The tree is drought tolerant but will produce more fruit if watered regularly. It will easily adapt to most soil conditions and enjoys full sunlight. Guavas thrive in areas with hot summers and cool winters and can tolerate temperatures up to 110 degrees Fahrenheit.
The guava fruit is round to pear-shaped and can grow between 2-4 inches long. When ripe the rind softens and is edible. The inner flesh creamy white in color and has a soft, pulpy texture. The fruit have a delicious sweet flavor and pleasant aroma. In warmer climates the fruit will ripen year-round, but it may be picked while green and allowed to ripen at room temperature.
Mature green fruit will stay fresh for up to five weeks in a temperature between 46° and 50° F. You can speed up the ripening process by placing the guava in a brown paper bag along with an apple or banana; once the fruit begins to ripen it will change color.